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The Arab-Israeli Conflict

The Arab Israeli conflict has gone on for many years. There have been many wars, terrorist attacks and peace treaties between Israel and the Arab countries. Through war and Treaties Israel has gained and lost alot of land. There have been 4 major wars between Israel and The Arab countries, as well as terrorist attacks. The reason for many of these attacks include land, claim of the country and anti-semitisem. Israel which is only 8,000 square miles is on the Mediterranean sea which is very good for its ports which are good for shipping and trade.

The first of the wars involving the Arabs and he Israelis was the First Palestinian War which took place between 1947 and 1949. It was a civil war between the Palestinian Jews and the Arabs. The Jewish military group, Haganah dominated in the war and came out victorious. In 1948 The United Nations declared Israel a free state. The next of the wars was the Suez Sinai War. This war began October 29, 1956 after Syria, Egypt and Jordan announced that the would join forces under Egypts commander in chief.

Israel came out victorious in that war as well and captured The Sinai Peninsula which belonged to Egypt and The Gaza Strip which belonged to Jordan. Israel wasn’t loud to use the Suez Canal which belonged to Egypt. The next war was the Six Day War which ended the ten years of peace between the countries. The Six Day War started June 5th 1967,when Israel bombed Egyptian, Jordanian, Syrian and Iraqi airfields destroying more than four hundred airplanes.

By June 8th Israel had stoped fighting with Egypt, Jordan and Iraq and started Fighting with the Syrians. Syria had shelled northern Israel, but Israel captured the Golan Heights from Syria and the West Bank From Jordan. The war was over June 10th when the United Nations negotiated a cease-fire between the countries. The Yom Kippur War started October 6th 1973. It is Called the Yom Kippur War because It started on Yom Kippur the holiest day on the Jewish calendar. It was led by Egypt and Syria attacking Israeli solders.

Israel was caught off guard because it was the holiday. The war destroyed many things. The Arabs lost approximate 2000 tanks and 500 airplanes. Israel lost over 800 tanks and 100 airplanes. The war cost over 7 billion American dollars in material losses. It was a major loss to all the countries involved. In 1979 the Arab Israeli conflict took a turn for the good when Israel and Egypt Signed a peace treaty at Camp David. The treaty was a trade that Israel would Give Egypt The Sinai Peninsula and Egypt would have peace with Israel.

In 1994 Yitzhak Rabin Prime Minister of Israel and Yasser Arifat head Of the Palestine Liberation Organization signed a peace treaty that Israel gave the Palistine Liberation Organization the Gaza Strip and the West Bank and Israel got peace, but after the treaty was signed there were still many terrorist attacks on Israel and November 4th 1995 Prime Minister Rabin was assassinated by a Israel man who saw that the peace treaty wasn’t working and didn’t believe in trading land that Israel fought for n many wars for peace that wasn’t working.

In 1996 Israel signed a peace treaty with Jordan. Israel is currently Trying to make a treaty with Syria but It hasn’t happened yet because Syria wants The Golan Hights an Israel dosent wasn’t to give it to them. Since 1947 Israel has had war with many Arab countries. They have gained alot of land through war but later gave it away in peace treaties. There are many people who disagree in giving away the land. The Arab Israeli conflict has gotten alot better over the year. They were not directly involved in any wars since 1973 and they have made peace with many countries.

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