Signs and Symptoms of Stroke
Patients with stroke symptoms are advised to seek out for emergency cure without any dilly-dallying. Definite signs of a stroke rely on the kind of stroke. However all kinds of stroke share several attributes. Warlow (1996, p.2) stated that cerebral embolism stroke generally comes on rather abruptly and is extreme right from the beginning. On the other hand schemic strokes signs consist of reduced vision in one eye or both eyes and stern headache. Other symptoms include feebleness, numbness or facial paralysis or arm and leg paralysis which are normally restricted on one side of the body.
Furthermore, other symptoms of schemic strokes include faintness, stability or coordination failure particularly when pooled with other signs. Hemorrhagic strokes are a bit different and the signs include loss of realization, distorted mental condition and seizure. Other signs include vomiting or stern nausea and extreme hypertension. Lastly, the affected person may experience feebleness, paralysis particularly on one side of his/her body and abrupt and stern headache.
The diagnosis of stroke normally starts with a cautious therapeutic history regarding the beginning and distribution of signs and the existence of threat factors. Once this is done, other probable causes will be eliminated. Usually, a concise neurological test is conducted so as to discover the extent and locality of any shortfall. For instance, feebleness inadequate stability and vision failure and if stroke is diagnosed, imaging technology is utilized in order to establish the kind of stroke the patient has contracted.
Normally, a non-contrast computed tomography scan can dependably recognize hemorrhagic. Magnetic resonance imaging mainly diffusion-weighted imaging can identify ischemic strokes. Moreover, blood and urine analysis are also conducted in order to diagnose potential abnormalities. Other examinations which may be conducted to steer treatment consist of ultrasound, angiography, electrocardiogram, and electroencephalogram.
Treatment of Stroke
The damage resulting from stroke can be reduced considerably through emergency treatment.
American Heart Association and American Stroke Association (n.d.) states that emergency treatments of ischemic stroke endeavors to dissolve the clot. Emergency treatment of hemorrhagic stroke is intended to regulate intracranial pressure which accompanies these kinds of strokes. Surgical procedure for hemorrhage owing to aneurysm might be executed if the aneurysm is sufficiently close to the cranial surface to permit admission.
In addition to the above treatment methods of the various kinds of strokes, rehabilitation may also be performed on the stroke patients. It implies a complete program intended to recover a number of functions and compensate stable losses. Rehabilitation is usually synchronized by a group of medical experts and may comprise the services of a neurologist who concentrates in rehabilitation medication, a physical analyst, and a professional therapist. Additionally, it incorporates the services of a mental health professional, speech-language pathologist, a nutritionist and a communal worker.
Some of the preventive measures for the various kinds of strokes include blood pressure regulation and stopping the act of smoking cigarette. Also, an individual should exercise regularly. For instance he/she can choose to hike, walk, attend the gymnasium for fitness purposes and even participate in events such as dramas. We should also strive to sustain a healthy body weight and attend medical facilities for ordinary health check — ups and pursue to the later the doctors heed concerning diet and medication.
American Heart Association and American Stroke Association (n.d.). Stoke diagnosis
Retrieved May 14, 2010, from http://www.americanheart.org
Caplan, L. R, Dyken, M.L., & Easton, J.D. (1996). American Heart Association Family
Guide to Stroke Treatment, Recovery, and Prevention. New York: Times Books.
Duthie, E. (Ed.). (1993). Practice of Geriatrics. Philadelphia W.B. Saunders.
The Utmost Medical Specialists in Israel (n.d.). Stroke Retrieved May 14,
2010, from www.Shemere.co.il
Warlow, C. (1996). Stroke: A Practical Guide to Management. Boston: Blackwell