For that reason, employers routinely provide stress-management programs for their employees (Archer, 2005; Probst, 2005; Richardson & Rothstein, 2008) and some hospitals have begun implementing stress-relieving programs and services because patient stress has been demonstrated empirically to inhibit recovery and suppress the immune system (Archer, 2005).
Strategies for Reducing Stress
There are many different strategies for reducing stress, depending on the type of stress involved and the source of its origin (Probst, 2010). In general, some kinds of stress can be reduced by making changes that address their source; meanwhile, other kinds of stress cannot necessarily be reduced at their source but their negative effects on the individual can be reduced through the use of coping strategies (Probst, 2005; Richardson & Rothstein, 2008). For example, certain kinds of self-induced stress (such as fear of failure, social anxiety, and performance anxiety) can be addressed by cognitive psychological therapy. Other kinds of stress (such as occupational stress and relationship or family-related stress) can be reduced by addressing the specific sources of stress in the workplace and in the home. Finally, some of the most challenging types of stress for clinicians to treat or for individuals to overcome are those caused by PTSD. The most useful approaches to reducing PTSD symptoms have been programs emphasizing group counseling, but there has also been tremendous potential demonstrated by therapy using visual exposure to bright lights (Jancin, 2005).
In many ways, psychological stress is an unavoidable consequence of human life. Most people experience stress of various types, at different times, and from different sources. When stress interferes with ordinary life or becomes the cause of other problems, it should be addressed by appropriate stress-reduction techniques and programs. The type of stress-reduction program that is appropriate depends on the specific source of stress, but in most cases, the negative consequences of stress can be significantly reduced by the right type of stress-reduction for the individual.
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