Future researchers should clearly indicate where and how the studies were accessed, and why those studies were chosen over others. The authors discuss on the one hand what makes some marriages work and others fail, and then later address issues related to role conflict. Furthermore, the authors tend to paint with broad strokes, discussing dysfunction as if it were not the complex issue that it is.
Pasley et al. (1993) do not perform any experimental research. Rather, the authors conduct a meta-analysis of existing research. The concept behind the literature review is fine for illuminating research trends. However, the authors do not offer a clear definition of terms that might clarify the study. For example, a section on the role of the stepparent does not mention what variables might affect that role including ethnicity or socio-economic class. Other demographic variables are not mentioned with sufficient frequency to validate the study.
In spite of its many weaknesses, the Pasley et al. (1993) study is strong in some areas. The article is relatively brief, allowing researchers and clinicians to briefly glance at some of the main issues that are raised. This may stimulate interest in more astute research in the future. Future researchers should consider isolating key variables that might help family counselors help their clients. For example, researchers could examine only African-American families with parents who are between the ages of 30 and 40. Alternatively, the researchers could investigate mitigating circumstances including extended families and social support systems. As a general review of literature, the Pasley et al. (1993) article is mildly useful but serious research it is not.
Pasley, K., Dolalhite, D.C. & Ihinger-Tallman, M. (1993). Bridging the gap: clinical applications of research findings on the.