The personnel performance and human motivation components of the study of organizational behavior also date back to the late 19th and early 20th century work of theorists like Max Weber and to the 20th century works of Douglass McGregor and Abraham Maslow (George & Jones, 2008; NAU, 2010). Weber outlined the most productive breakdown of organizational hierarchies, elements of working groups, and the relationship between individual employees and their supervisors. McGregor and Maslow contributed psychological theories that identified specific factors that determine levels of personal commitment and satisfaction of individual employees within organizations (George & Jones, 2008; NAU, 2010).
The Importance of Organizational Behavior to Modern Business Management
Understanding organizational behavior in all of its applications is an essential requirement in modern business management (NAU, 2010; Robbins & Judge, 2009).
Naturally, the specific aspects of organizational behavior that are most important to individual business managers depend on the responsibilities of managers. At the operational level of working groups, business managers rely largely on concepts of human interrelations, internal intra-group relations, individual employee motivation, and reward for performance. At higher levels of operational management, business managers must apply concepts of working group efficiency and inter-group relations. Finally, at higher levels of management, business managers must incorporate concepts of organizational efficiency together with organizational policy decisions about lower levels of management and their respective operational considerations and concerns (Robbins & Judge, 2009).
George, J.M. And Jones, G.R. (2008). Understanding and Managing Organizational
Behavior. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
National American University. (2008). Organizational Behavior Instructional.