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Formative and Summative Assessments Criteria

Major and minor scales, and chromatic scale from low E. To high C.

2. A slow etude.

3. One movement from a sonata or concerto comparable in difficulty to the Sonata by Wanhal or the Concerto No.3 by Stamitz.

Students age 14 and older:

1. Major, minor and chromatic scales.

2. An etude comparable to those by C. Rose

3. One movement from a piece comparable in difficulty to the Concerto in a Major, K. 622, by Mozart; Concerto in F Minor, Op. 73, by Weber; sonatas by Bernstein, Saint-Sans, or Hindemith; or any of the 16 Grand Solos by Bonade.

A prospective student is judged relative to the individuals with whom he or she competes against on these exercises: during a very strong year for candidates, some highly talented students might be rejected. During a weaker year, as the school needs students to pay tuition, the most talented candidates will be selected, even though in a previous year they might not make the cut. The candidates are graded against one another during a particular audition session.

Conclusion

In the real world, many standardized tests deploy both criterion and norm-based methods of grading. A formative assessment that is criterion-referenced but is also used in a norm-based manner is the High School Proficiency Assessment for Mathematics (HSPA), administered to all New Jersey students and required to obtain a high school diploma in the state. The test combines both multiple choice and open-ended questions. Students are given numerical questions, intended to determine if students can manipulate numbers and also conceptual, abstract concepts such as rational or irrational numbers. They must also be able to spatially manipulate objects in their heads as well as answer questions about basic geometry. As well as plugging and jugging formulas, according to the NJPEP (NJ Professional Education Port) website, students must understand probability, statistics, and basic algebra, and are tested on these concepts in multiple-choice and in an open-end fashion.

The HSPA is a criterion-referenced test. Students either obtain a passing score or a non-passing score. It includes information that all students must know to be judged worthy of possessing a high school diploma in the state of New Jersey.

However, because specific data about students exact scores and passing rates are recorded, these formative assessments and passage rates are often used to evaluate the effectiveness of a high school. If a school, relative to other institutions, has a very low scores, even very low passing but minimally acceptable scores for students on the HSPA, it may be flagged as at risk, and thus norm-based standards are also applied when assessing the test.

References

Assessment purposes. (2010). Assessment. Available November 13, 2010 at http://www.edtech.vt.edu/edtech/id/assess/purposes.html

Audition requirements. (2010). Julliard School Website. Available November 13, 2010 at http://www.juilliard.edu/precollege/admissions/admissions_requirements.html

De la Jara, Rodrigo. (2010). IQ basics. IQ comparison site. Available November 13, 2010 at http://www.iqcomparisonsite.com/IQBasics.aspx

Directory of test specifications. (1996). NJPEP (NJ Professional Education Port).

Available November 13, 2010 at http://www.state.nj.us/education/njpep/assessment/TestSpecs/MathTestSpec/GEPAMath/MathIndex.html

Garrison, Catherine & Michael Ehringhaus. (2010). Formative and summative assessments in the classroom. Excerpted from Effective Classroom Assessment: Linking Assessment

with Instruction. Available November 13, 2010 at http://www.nmsa.org/portals/0/pdf/publications/Web_Exclusive/Formative_Summative_Assessment.pdf

Powers, Rod. (2010). Marine Corps Physical Fitness Test. Available November 13, 2010 at http://usmilitary.about.com/od/marines/l/blfitmale.htm

Appendix

Minimum Fitness Requirments for Each PFT Event – Males

Age

Pull-Ups

Crunches

3-Mile Run

17-26

3

50

28:00

27-39

3

45

29:00

40-45

3

45

30:00

46+

3

40

33:00

Marine Corps PFT Classification Scores – Male and Female

Class

Age 17-26

Age 27-39

Age 40-45

Age 46+

1st

2nd

3rd

88

65

Source: Tom Powers

CLARINET

Students accepted into the clarinet department must own or have access to an a clarinet.

Students through age 13:

1. Major and minor scales, and chromatic scale from low E. To high C.

2. A slow etude.

3. One movement from a sonata or concerto comparable in difficulty to the Sonata by Wanhal or the Concerto No.3 by Stamitz.

Students age 14 and older:

1. Major, minor and chromatic scales.

2. An etude comparable to those by C. Rose

3. One movement from a piece comparable in difficulty to the Concerto in a Major, K. 622, by Mozart; Concerto in F Minor, Op..

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